Atlas of Knowledge: References

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75

Part 3: Science Maps in Action

References

Otlet, Paul. 1934. Traité de documentation, le livre sur le livre: théorie et pratique. Bruxelles: Mundaneum.

Shelley, Ward. 2011. History of Science Fiction. Brooklyn, NY. Courtesy of Ward Shelley Studio. In "7th Iteration (2011): Science Maps as Visual Interfaces to Digital Libraries," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Michael J. Stamper. http://scimaps.org.

Image Credits

Extracted from Shelley 2011.

Places & Spaces: Mapping Science

Introduction to the Exhibit

References

Cyberinfrastructure for Network Science Center. 2013. "Places & Spaces: Mapping Science Exhibit Annual Report." Accessed March 1, 2014. http://scimaps.org/exhibit/docs/AnnualReport_2012_web.pdf.

Contributors

Todd N. Theriault co-authored this section.

Elizabeth Record compiled counts.

Image Credits

National Academy of Sciences images courtesy of Katy Börner.

Science Express Train image courtesy of the Max Plank Society.

"Places and Spaces Exhibit" courtesy North Carolina State University Libraries.

Makevention image courtesy of Katy Börner.

Image courtesy University of North Texas College.

ACM Web Science Conference image courtesy of Fillipo Menczer.

San Diego State University image courtesy of André Skupin.

Political Networks Conference image courtesy of Tracey Theriault.

Musée Mundaneum image courtesy of Delphine Jenart.

Copyright by World Economic Forum.

Northeastern University image courtesy of Katy Börner.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development image courtesy of Katy Börner.

World Maps created by Perla Mateo-Lujan and Katy Börner (data compilation) using the Sci2 Tool. http://sci2.cns.iu.edu.

Organization of Part Three

References

Börner, Katy. 2010. Atlas of Science: Visualizing What We Know. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

78

Fourth Iteration (2008): Science Maps for Economic Decision Makers

80

Europe Raw Cotton Imports in 1858, 1864, and 1865

References

Börner, Katy. 2010. Atlas of Science: Visualizing What We Know. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Corbett, John. 1967. "Charles Joseph Minard: Mapping Napoleon’s March, 1861." Center for Spatially Integrated Social Science. Accessed August 1, 2013. http://www.csiss.org/classics/content/58.

Finley, Dawn, and Virginia Tufte. 2002. "Minard’s Sources." Edward Tufte: New ET Writings, Artworks & News. Accessed August 28, 2013. http://www.edwardtufte.com/tufte/minard.

Minard, Charles Joseph. 1866. Europe Raw Cotton Imports in 1858, 1864 and 1865. 1866. Paris, France. Courtesy of the Library of Congress, Geography and Maps Division. In "4th Iteration (2008): Science Maps for Economic Decision Makers," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Elisha F. Hardy. http://scimaps.org.

Minard, Charles Joseph. 1869. Napoleon’s March to Moscow. Paris, France. Courtesy of EdwardTufte, Graphics Press, Cheshire, CT. In "1st Iteration (2005): The Power of Maps," Places& Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Deborah MacPherson. http://scimaps.org.

Robinson, Arthur H. 1967. "The Thematic Maps of Charles Joseph Minard." Imago Mundi: A Review of Early Cartography 21: 95–108.

82

Shrinking of Our Planet

References

Applewhite, E. J., and R. Buckminster Fuller. 1975. Synergetics: Explorations in the Geometry of Thinking. New York: Macmillan.

Buckminster Fuller Institute. 2010. "World Game." Accessed August 1, 2013. http://bfi.org/about-bucky/buckys-big-ideas/world-game.

Fuller, R. Buckminster. 1969. Operating Manual for Spaceship Earth. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press.

Fuller, R. Buckminster. 1973. Earth, Inc. Garden City, NY: Anchor Press.

Fuller, R. Buckminster. 1981. Critical Path. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Fuller, R. Buckminster, and Anwar Dil. 1983. Humans in Universe. New York: Mouton.

Fuller, R. Buckminster, and John McHale. 1965. Shrinking of Our Planet. Carbondale, IL. Courtesy of the Estate of R. Buckminster Fuller. In "4th Iteration (2008): Science Maps for Economic Decision Makers," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Elisha F. Hardy. http://scimaps.org.

McHale, John. 1965. The Ten Year Program [Document 4]. In World Design Science Decade, 1965–1975, Phase I by R. Buckminster Fuller and John McHale. Carbondale: World Resources Inventory, Southern Illinois University. Accessed August 30, 2013. http://challenge.bfi.org/sites/challenge.bfi.org/files/pdf_files/wdsd_phase1_doc4.pdf.

McHale, John. 1967. The Ecological Context: Energy and Materials [Document 6]. In World Design Science Decade, 1965–1975, Phase II by R. Buckminster Fuller and John McHale. Carbondale: World Resources Inventory, Southern Illinois University. Accessed August 30, 2013.http://challenge.bfi.org/sites/challenge.bfi.org/files/pdf_files/wdsd_phase2_doc6.pdf.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2013. "Buckminster Fuller." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed August 1, 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buckminster_Fuller.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2013. "John McHale (artist)." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed August 1, 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_McHale_%28artist%29.

Zung, Thomas T. K. 2001. Buckminster Fuller: Anthology for the New Millenium. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Image Credits

Images courtesy of the Estate of R. Buckminster Fuller and the Estate of John McHale.

Contributors

Bonnie DeVarco proposed this map.

84

Tracing of Key Events in the Development of the Video Tape Recorder

References

Benn, George, and Francis Narin. 1969. Tracing of Key Events in the Development of the Video Tape Recorder. Chicago, IL. Courtesy of the IIT Research Institute. In "4th Iteration (2008): Science Maps for Economic Decision Makers," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Elisha F. Hardy. http://scimaps.org.

Broad, William J. 1997. "Study Finds Public Science is Pillar of Industry." The New York Times, May 13. http://www.nytimes.com/1997/05/13/science/study-finds-public-science-is-pillar-of-industry.html?pagewanted=all&src=pm.

Illinois Institute of Technology Research Institute under Contract NSF-C535. 1968. Technology in Retrospect and Critical Events in Science (TRACES). Washington, DC: NSF.

Moll, Joy K., and Francis Narin. 1977. "Bibliometrics." ARIST 12: 35–38.

Narin, Francis. 1976. Evaluative Bibliometrics: The Use of Publication and Citation Analysis in the Evaluation of Scientific Activity. Cherry Hill, NJ: Computer Horizons, Inc.

Narin, Francis, Kimberly S. Hamilton, and Dominic Olivastro. 1997. "The Increasing Linkage between U.S. Technology and Public Science." Research Policy 26 (3): 317–330.

86

World Finance Corporation, Miami, Florida, ca. 1970–1979 (6th Version)

References

The Art Reserve. 2013. "Mark Lombardi: Index at Pierogi Gallery." Accessed August 27, 2013. http://theartreserve.com/mark-lombardi-index-at-pierogi-gallery.

Hobbs, Robert. 2004. Mark Lombardi: Global Networks. New York: Independent Curators International.

Lombardi, Mark. 1999. World Finance Corporation, Miami, Florida, ca. 1970–79 (6th Version). New York, NY. Courtesy of David Lombardi and Pierogi Gallery. In "4th Iteration (2008): Science Maps for Economic Decision Makers," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Elisha F. Hardy. http://scimaps.org.

Pierogi Gallery. 2013. "Mark Lombardi Artist’s Page." Accessed August 1, 2013. http://www.pierogi2000.com/artists/mark-lombardi.

Image Credits

World Finance Corporation, Miami, Florida, ca. 1970–79 (6th Version). 1999. Graphite and colored pencil on paper. 35 ½ x 46 1/4 inches.

Image courtesy of David Lombardi and Pierogi Gallery.

Lombardi portrait courtesy of John Berens.

Contributors

Susan Swenson, Pierogi Gallery, and Donald Lombardi.

Text was adopted from pages 66–71 in Hobbs 2004.

88

Examining the Evolution and Distribution of Patent Classifications

References

Kutz, Daniel O. 2004. "Examining the Evolution and Distribution of Patent Classifications." In Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Information Visualisation, 983–988. Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society.

Kutz, Daniel O., Katy Börner, and Elisha F. Hardy. 2004. Examining the Evolution and Distribution of Patent Classifications. Bloomington, IN. Courtesy of Indiana University. In "4th Iteration (2008): Science Maps for Economic Decision Makers," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Elisha F. Hardy. http://scimaps.org.

Image Credits

Image courtesy of Daniel O. Kutz, http://danieloliver.com. Accessed September 18, 2014.

Hardy portrait courtesy of Elisha F. Allgood.

Kutz portrait courtesy of Daniel O. Kutz, http://danieloliver.com. Accessed September 18, 2014.

Contributors

Daniel O. Kutz co-authored the description of this map.

90

Ecological Footprint

References

Dorling, Danny, Mark E. J. Newman, and Anna Barford. 2010. The Atlas of the Real World: Mapping the Way We Live. Revised and expanded. London: Thames & Hudson.

Dorling, Danny, Mark E. J. Newman, Graham Allsopp, Anna Barford, Ben Wheeler, John Pritchard and David Dorling. 2006. Ecological Footprint. Sheffield, UK and Ann Arbor, MI. Courtesy of the Universities of Sheffield and Michigan. In "4th Iteration (2008): Science Maps for Economic Decision Makers," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Elisha F. Hardy. http://scimaps.org.

Gastner, Michael, and Mark E. J. Newman. 2004. "Diffusion-Based Method for Producing Density-Equalizing Maps." PNAS 101 (20): 7499–7504.

The SASI Group (University of Sheffield) and Mark E. J. Newman (University of Michigan). 2006. Ecological Footprint. Worldmapper. Accessed August 28, 2013. http://www.worldmapper.org/display.php?selected=322.

Image Credits

Image courtesy of http://www.worldmapper.org. Accessed September 18, 2014.

Portrait of Danny Dorling courtesy of Alison Dorling.

Portrait of John Pritchard © SASI Group (University of Sheffield) and Mark E. J. Newman.

92

The Product Space

References

Börner, Katy. 2010. Atlas of Science: Visualizing What We Know. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Hausmann, Ricardo, César A. Hidalgo, Sebastián Bustos, Michele Coscia, Sarah Chung, Juan Jimenez, Alexander Simoes, Muhammed A. Yildirim. 2011. The Atlas of Economic Complexity. Boston, MA: Harvard Kennedy School and MIT Media Lab. Accessed August 28, 2013. http://www.cid.harvard.edu/documents/complexityatlas.pdf.

Hidalgo, César A., Bailey Klinger, Albert-László Barabási, and Ricardo Hausmann. 2007. The Product Space. Boston, MA. Courtesy of Harvard Kennedy School, Northeastern University, and University of Notre Dame. In "4th Iteration (2008): Science Maps for Economic Decision Makers," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Elisha F. Hardy. http://scimaps.org.

Hidalgo, César A., Bailey Klinger, Albert-László Barabási, and Ricardo Hausmann. 2007. "The Product Space Conditions the Development of Nations." Science 317 (5837): 482–487.

Hidalgo, César A., Bailey Klinger, Albert-László Barabási, and Ricardo Hausmann. 2008. "The Product Space." César Hidalgo Home Page. Accessed August 28, 2013. http://www.chidalgo.com/productspace.

Image Credits

See Hidalgo et al. 2007.

94

4D. The Structured Visual Approach to Business-Issue Resolution

References

Caswell, John, Tiffany Hazel, and Ian Francis. 2008. 4D. The Structured Visual Approach to Business Issue Resolution. Mayfair, UK. Courtesy of Group Partners. In "4th Iteration (2008): Science Maps for Economic Decision Makers," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Elisha F. Hardy. http://scimaps.org.

Group Partners. 2013. Blueprint: Changing the Way Business Thinks & Works. Accessed August 28, 2013. http://issuu.com/johncaswell/docs/gp_blueprint_v11_lr?e=1157835/4494577#222222.

Group Partners. 2013. Creativity Meets Consulting. Accessed August 28, 2013. http://issuu.com/johncaswell/docs/creativity_doc7_v2lr?e=1157835/3169466#222222.

Group Partners. 2013. Group Partners Home Page. Accessed August 28, 2013. http://www.grouppartnerswiki.net.

Contributors

John Caswell and Sarah Gall coauthored the biographies as well as the description of the map.

96

The Scientific Roots of Technology

References

Börner, Katy. 2010. Atlas of Science: Visualizing What We Know. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Boyack, Kevin W., and Richard Klavans. 2008. "Measuring Science-Technology Interaction Using Rare Inventor-Author Names." Journal of Informetrics 2 (3): 173–182.

Boyack, Kevin W., and Richard Klavans. 2008. The Scientific Roots of Technology. Albuquerque, NM and Berwyn, PA. Courtesy of SciTech Strategies, Inc. In "4th Iteration (2008): Science Maps for Economic Decision Makers," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Elisha F. Hardy. http://scimaps.org.

Klavans, Richard, and Kevin W. Boyack. 2007. Maps of Science: Forecasting Large Trends in Science. Berwyn, PA and Albuquerque, NM. Courtesy of Richard Klavans, SciTech Strategies, Inc. In "3rd Iteration (2007): The Power of Forecasts," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Julie M. Davis. http://scimaps.org.

Klavans, Richard, and Kevin W. Boyack. 2010. "Toward an Objective, Reliable and Accurate Method for Measuring Research Leadership." Scientometrics 82 (3): 539–553.

Contributors

Fact checking by Kevin W. Boyack.

98

A Global Projection of Subjective Well-Being

References

Abdallah, Saamah, Juliet Michaelson, Sagar Shah, Laura Stoll, Nic Marks. 2012. The Happy Planet Index: 2012 Report. London: New Economics Foundation. Accessed August 28, 2013. http://www.neweconomics.org/publications/entry/happy-planet-index-2012-report.

Marks, Nic, Saamah Abdallah, Andrew Simms, and Sam Thompson. 2006. The (un)Happy Planet Index: An Index of Human Well-Being and Environmental Impact. London: New Economics Foundation. Accessed August 28, 2013. http://dnwssx4l7gl7s.cloudfront.net/nefoundation/default/page/-/files/The_Happy_Planet_Index.pdf.

White, Adrian G. 2007. "A Global Projection of Subjective Well-being: A Challenge To Positive Psychology?" Psychtalk 56 (March): 17–20.

White, Adrian and the National Geographic EarthPulse Team. 2008. A Global Projection of Subjective Well-Being. Washington, DC. Courtesy of National Geographic. In "4th Iteration (2008): Science Maps for Economic Decision Makers," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Elisha F. Hardy. http://scimaps.org.

Image Credits

Figure from The Happy Planet Index: 2012 Report, published by the New Economics Foundation (Abdallah et al., 2012).

100

Fifth Iteration (2009):Science Maps for SciencePolicy Makers

102

Science and Society in Equilibrium

References

Börner, Katy. 2010. Atlas of Science: Visualizing What We Know. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Martino, Joseph P. 1969. "Science and Society in Equilibrium." Science 165 (3895): 769–772.

Martino, Joseph P. 1969. Science and Society in Equilibrium. Holloman Air Force Base, NM. Courtesy of AAAS. In "5th Iteration (2009): Science Maps for Science Policy Makers," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Elisha F. Hardy. http://scimaps.org.

Martino, Joseph P. 1993. Technological Forecasting for Decision Making. 3rd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Martino, Joseph P. 1995. Research and Development Project Selection. Wiley Series in Engineering and Technology Management. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

National Science Board. 2012. Science and Engineering Indicators 2012. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation (NSB 12–01). Accessed August 28, 2013. http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/seind12/start.htm.

National Science Foundation. 2012. "R&D: National Trends and International Comparisons." Science and Engineering Indicators 2012. Accessed August 29, 2013. http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/seind12/figures.htm#c4.

The World Bank Group. 2013. "GNI per Capita, Atlas Method (Current US$)." The World Bank. Accessed August 29, 2013. http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GNP.PCAfCD.

Image Credits

Accompanying figure courtesy of Katy Börner (data compilation) and Perla Mateo-Lujan (design).

Data Credits

See National Science Foundation 2012.

See The World Bank Group. 2013.

Software Credits

Microsoft Excel.

Contributors

David E. Polley digitized Science and Society in Equilibrium data.

Kei Koizumi provided expert advice.

104

Networks of Scientific Communications

References

Dumenton, Georgiy G. 1965. Obshchenie i rasselenie priperekhode k kommunizmu [Communication and Population Distribution in the Transition to Communism]. PhD Thesis, Moscow Institute of the National Economy.

Dumenton, Georgiy G. 1987. Seti naucnych kommunikacij i organizacija fundamental’nych issledovanij [Networks of Scientific Communication and the Organization of Fundamental Research]. Moscow: Nauka.

Dumenton, Georgiy G. 1987. Networks of Scientific Communication. Moscow, Russia. Courtesy of Nauka and Georgiy G. Dumenton. In "5th Iteration (2009): Science Maps for Science Policy Makers," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Elisha F. Hardy. http://scimaps.org.

Contributors

Translation from Russian by Klaus Scharnhorst. For Cyrillic letters, the Library of Congress transcription scheme has been applied.

106

Realigning the Boston Traffic Separation Scheme to Reduce the Risk of Ship Strike to Right and Other Baleen Whales

References

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. 2013. "Marine Mammals: Right Whales and Ship Strikes." NOAA Office of the General Counsel. Accessed August 28, 2013. http://www.gc.noaa.gov/gcil_mm_right_whales.html.

Scardina, Julie, and Jeff Flocken. 2012. Wildlife Heroes: 40 Leading Conservationists and the Animals They Are Committed to Saving. Philadelphia, PA: Running Press.

Wiley, David N., Michael A. Thompson, and Richard Merrick. 2006. Realigning the Boston Traffic Separation Scheme to Reduce the Risk of Ship Strike to Right and Other Baleen Whales. Scituate, MA and Woods Hole, MA. Courtesy of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. In "5th Iteration (2009): Science Maps for Science Policy Makers," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Elisha F. Hardy. http://scimaps.org.

108

Mobile Landscapes: Using Location Data from Cell Phones for Urban Analysis

References

Pulselli, Riccardo M., and Enzo Tiezzi. 2009. City Out of Chaos: Urban Self-organization and Sustainability. Southampton, UK: WIT Press.

Ratti, Carlo, Sarah Williams, Dennis Frenchman, and Riccardo M. Pulselli. 2006. "Mobile Landscapes: Using Location Data from Cell Phones for Urban Analysis." Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 33: 727–748.

Williams, Sarah, Carlo Ratti and Riccardo Maria Pulselli. 2006. Mobile Landscapes: Using Location Data from Cell Phones for Urban Analysis. Cambridge, MA. Courtesy of MIT SENSEable City Laboratory. In "5th Iteration (2009): Science Maps for Science Policy Makers," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Elisha F. Hardy. http://scimaps.org.

Image Credits

Portrait of Carlo Ratti courtesy of Lars Krüger. http://www.lumivere.com. Accessed September 18, 2014.

Accompanying figure Mobile Landscapes is courtesy of Sarah Williams.

110

Death and Taxes 2009

References

Bachman, Jess. 2009. Death and Taxes 2009. Ontario, Canada. Courtesy of http://www.wallstats.com. In "5th Iteration (2009): Science Maps for Science Policy Makers," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Elisha F. Hardy. http://scimaps.org.

Bachman, Jess. 2013. Death and Taxes: 2014. Accessed August 28, 2013. http://www.timeplots.com/collections/catalog/products/death-and-taxes-poster-2014.

112

Chemical R&D Powers the U.S. Innovation Engine

References

Council for Chemical Research in cooperation with the Chemical Heritage Foundation. Phase I. 2001. Measuring Up: Research and Development Counts for the Chemical Industry. Washington, DC: Council for Chemical Research. Accessed August 28, 2013. http://www.ccrhq.org/innovate/publications/phase-i-study.

Council for Chemical Research. Phase II. 2005. Measure for Measure: Chemical R&D Powers the U.S. Innovation Engine. Washington, DC: Council for Chemical Research. Accessed August 28, 2013. http://www.ccrhq.org/innovate/publications/phase-ii-study.

Council for Chemical Research. 2009. Chemical R&D Powers the U.S. Innovation Engine. Washington, DC. Courtesy of the Council for Chemical Research. In "5th Iteration (2009): Science Maps for Science Policy Makers," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Elisha F. Hardy. http://scimaps.org.

Link, Albert N., and the Council for Chemical Research. Phase III. 2010. Assessing and Enhancing the Impact of Science R&D in the United States: Chemical Sciences. Accessed August 28, 2013. http://www.ccrhq.org/innovate/publications/phase-iii-study.

Image Credits

Chemical R&D Powers the U.S. Innovation Engine © The Council for Chemical Research.

CCR Logo © The Council for Chemical Research.

114

A Topic Map of NIH Grants 2007

References

Herr II, Bruce W., Katy Börner, Russell J. Duhon, Elisha F. Hardy, and Shashikant Penumarthy. 2008. NIH Topic Maps: Topic and Map-Based Clustering Analysis of NIH Grants. Accessed September 18, 2014. http://nihmaps.org.

Herr II, Bruce W., Edmund M. Talley, Gully A. P. C. Burns, David Newman, and Gavin LaRowe. 2009. "NIH Visual Browser: An Interactive Visualization of Biomedical Research." In Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Information Visualisation, 505–509.

Herr II, Bruce W., Gully A. P. C. Burns, David Newman, and Edmund Talley. 2009. A Topic Map of NIH Grants 2007. Bloomington, IN. Courtesy of ChalkLabs, Indiana University & Information Sciences Institute, University of California, Irvine. In "5th Iteration (2009): Science Maps for Science Policy Makers," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Elisha F. Hardy. http://scimaps.org.

Talley, Edmund M., David Newman, David Mimno, Bruce W. Herr II, Hanna M. Wallach, Gully A. P. C. Burns, A. G. Miriam Leenders, and Andrew McCallum. 2011. "Database of NIH Research Using Machine-Learned Categories and Graphical Clustering." Nature Methods 8 (6): 443–444.

116

A Clickstream Map of Science

References

Bollen, Johan, Lyudmila Balakireva, Luís Bettencourt, Ryan Chute, Aric Hagberg, Marko A. Rodriguez, and Herbert Van de Sompel. 2008. A Clickstream Map of Science. Los Alamos, NM. Courtesy of Los Alamos National Laboratory. In "5th Iteration (2009): Science Maps for Science Policy Makers," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Elisha F. Hardy. http://scimaps.org.

Bollen, Johan, Lyudmila Balakireva, Luís Bettencourt, Ryan Chute, Aric Hagberg, Marko A. Rodriguez, and Herbert Van de Sompel. 2009. "Clickstream Data Yields High-Resolution Maps of Science." PLoS One 4 (3): 1–11.

118

U.S. Vulnerabilities in Science

References

Boyack, Kevin W. and Richard Klavans. 2008. U.S. Vulnerabilities in Science. Berwyn, PA and Albuquerque, NM. Courtesy of SciTech Strategies. In "5th Iteration (2009): Science Maps for Science Policy Makers," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Elisha F. Hardy. http://scimaps.org.

Klavans, Richard, and Kevin W. Boyack. 2010. "Toward an Objective, Reliable and Accurate Method for Measuring Research Leadership." Scientometrics 82 (3): 539–553.

120

The Millennium Development Goals Map

References

Department of Public Information, United Nations. 2010. We Can End Poverty 2015: Millennium Development Goals. Accessed September 18, 2014. http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals.

The World Bank Group. 2011. "The Millennium Development Goals Map: Charting Progress toward a Better World." Data & Research. Accessed August 28, 2013. http://go.worldbank.org/GQXIWINE20.

The World Bank and The National Geographic Society. 2006. The Millennium Development Goals Map: A Global Agenda to End Poverty. Washington, DC. Courtesy of The World Bank and The National Geographic Society. In "5th Iteration (2009): Science Maps for Science Policy Makers," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Elisha F. Hardy. http://scimaps.org.

122

Sixth Iteration (2010): Science Maps for Scholars

124

Tree of Life

References

Bork, Peer, Francesca Ciccarelli, Berend Snel, Christian von Mering, and Chris Creevey. 2006. Tree of Life. Heidelberg, Germany. Courtesy of European Molecular Biology Laboratory. In "6th Iteration (2009): Science Maps for Scholars," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Elisha F. Hardy. http://scimaps.org.

Ciccarelli, Francesca, Tobias Doerks, Christian Von Mering, Christopher J. Creevey, Berend Snel, Peer Bork. 2006. "Toward Automatic Reconstruction of a Highly Resolved Tree of Life." Science 311 (5765): 1283–1287.

126

The Human Connectome

References

Hagmann, Patric, Leila Cammoun, Xavier Gigandet, Reto Meuli, Christopher J. Honey, Van J. Wedeen, and Olaf Sporns. 2008. "Mapping the Structural Core of Human Cerebral Cortex." PLoS Biology 6 (7): 1479–1493.

Sporns, Olaf. 2010. Networks of the Brain. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Sporns, Olaf. 2012. Discovering the Human Connectome. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Sporns, Olaf, and Patric Hagmann. 2008. The Human Connectome. Boston, MA. Courtesy of Little, Brown and Company, Patric Hagmann, and Olaf Sporns. In "6th Iteration (2009): Science Maps for Scholars,"

Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Elisha F. Hardy. http://scimaps.org.

Image Credits

Exhibit map courtesy of Patric Hagmann, University of Lausanne (UNIL-CHUU), Lausanne, Switzerland.

Portrait of Hagmann courtesy of Patric Hagmann, University of Lausanne (UNIL-CHUU), Lausanne, Switzerland.

Portrait of Olaf Sporns courtesy of Indiana University.

128

Diseasome: The Human Disease Network

References

Bastien, Mathieu, and Sébastien Heymann. 2009. Diseasome. Paris, France. Courtesy of INIST-CNRS and Linkfluence. In "6th Iteration (2009): Science Maps for Scholars," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Elisha F. Hardy. http://scimaps.org.

Goh, Kwang-Il, Michael E. Cusick, David Valle, Barton Childs, Marc Vidal, and Albert-László Barabási. 2007. "The Human Disease Network." PNAS 104 (21): 8685–8690.

130

Human Speechome Project

References

Cognitive Machines Group. 2013. "The Human Speechome Project." Cognitive Machines. Accessed August 28, 2013. http://www.media.mit.edu/cogmac/projects/hsp.html.

Roy, Deb, Philip DeCamp, Michael Fleischman, Peter Gorniak, Jethran Guinness, Rony Kubat, Michael Levit, Nikolaos Mavridis, Rupal Patel, Brandon Roy, Alexia Salata, and Stefanie Tellex. 2006. "The Human Speechome Project." In Proceedings of the 28th Annual Cognitive Science Conference, 2059–2064.

Shaw, George, Phillip Decamp, and Deb Roy. 2010. Human Speechome Project. Cambridge, MA. Courtesy of Cognitive Machines Group, MIT Media Lab. In "6th Iteration (2009): Science Maps for Scholars," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Elisha F. Hardy. http://scimaps.org.

Image Credits

Roy photo courtesy of Philip DeCamp and Deb Roy.

132

Mapping the Archive: Prix Ars Electronica

References

Offenhuber, Dietmar. 2009. "Prix Arts Electronica: Mapping the Archive." Personal Home Page. Accessed August 28, 2013. http://offenhuber.net/prix-ars-electronica-mapping-the-archive/.

Offenhuber, Dietmar, Evelyn Münster, Moritz Stefaner, Gerhard Dirmoser, and Jaume Nualart. 2008. Mapping the Archive: Prix Ars Electronica. Linz, Austria. Courtesy of Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Media.Art.Research and Ars Electronica. In "6th Iteration (2009): Science Maps for Scholars," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Elisha F. Hardy. http://scimaps.org.

Yavuz, Mahir. 2009. "Mapping the Archive: 30 Years of Ars Electronica Visualized in Huge Scale." Information Aesthetics (blog). Accessed August 28, 2013. http://infosthetics.com/archives/2009/09/mapping_the_archive_30_years_of_ars_electronica.html.

Image Credits

Mapping the Archive: Prix Ars Electronica courtesy of http://offenhuber.net/prix-ars-electronica-mapping-the-archive. Accessed September 18, 2014.

Portrait of Gerhard Dirmoser courtesy of Ars Electronica.

134

Knowledge Cartography

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Quaggiotto, Marco. 2008. "Knowledge Atlas: A Cartographic Approach to the Social Structures of Knowledge." Paper presented at the Analogous Spaces Conference, Ghent, Belgium, May 14–17. Accessed August 28, 2013. http://www.knowledgecartography.org/PDF/knowledge-atlas.pdf.

Quaggiotto, Marco. 2008. "Knowledge Cartographies: Tools for the Social Structures of Knowledge." Paper presented at the Changing the Change Conference, Turin, Italy, July 10–12. Accessed August 28, 2013. http://www.knowledgecartography.org/PDF/knowledge-cartographies.pdf.

Quaggiotto, Marco. 2008. Knowledge Cartography. Milano, Italy. Courtesy of the Department of Industrial Design, Art, Communication and Fashion (INDACO), Politecnico di Milano, Italy, and Complex Networks and Systems Group, ISI Foundation, Turin, Italy. In "6th Iteration (2009): Science Maps for Scholars," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Elisha F. Hardy. http://scimaps.org.

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136

Literary Empires: Mapping Temporal and Spatial Settings of Victorian Poetry

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Quin, Edward. 1830. A.D. 337. At The Death of Constantine. London, England. Courtesy of the David Rumsey Map Collection, Cartography Associates, San Francisco.

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138

The Emergence of Nanoscience & Technology

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140

Weaving the Fabric of Science

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U.S. Job Market: Where Are the Academic Jobs?

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Zoss, Angela, and Katy Börner. 2010. U.S. Job Market: Where Are the Academic Jobs? Bloomington, IN. Courtesy of Indiana University. In "6th Iteration (2009): Science Maps for Scholars," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Elisha F. Hardy. http://scimaps.org.

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Seventh Iteration (2011):Science Maps asVisual Interfaces toDigital Libraries

146

Mondothèque. Multimedia Desk in a Global Internet

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Image Credits

Image of Cellula Mundaneum courtesy of Collections of the Museum Mundaneum.

Portrait of Paul Otlet courtesy of Collections of the Museum Mundaneum.

Contributors

Initial design and text coauthored by Charles van den Heuvel and W. Boyd Rayward. Stéphanie Manfroid, Responsable des Archives at the Mundaneum provided access to Otlet’s works and his portrait.

148

Two Charts Illustrating Some of the Relations between the Branches of Natural Science and Technology

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Ellingham, H. J. T. 1948. Two Charts Illustrating Some of the Relations between the Branches of Natural Science and Technology. London, UK. Courtesy of The Royal Society. In "7th Iteration (2010): Science Maps as Visual Interfaces to Digital Libraries," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Michael J. Stamper. http://scimaps.org.

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Image Credits

Portrait provided by David Allen, Library Collections Coordinator Royal Society of Chemistry, Burlington House Piccadilly, London, UK.

Contributors

Map description coauthored by Peter A. Hook.

Ellingham biography benefits greatly from the H. J. T. Ellingham Wikipedia entry.

150

Visualizing Bible Cross-References

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Evangelical Church in Germany (EKD). 2013. "Geistreich." Accessed August 28, 2013. http://www.geistreich.de.

Harrison, Chris, and Christoph Römhild. 2008. Visualizing Bible Cross-References. Pittsburgh, PA. Courtesy of Chris Harrison and Christoph Römhild. In "7th Iteration (2010): Science Maps as Visual Interfaces to Digital Libraries," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Michael J. Stamper. http://scimaps.org.

Image Credits

Portrait of Harrison courtesy of Chris Harrison.

Portrait of Römhild courtesy of Pastor Christoph Römhild.

Biblical Social Network (People and Places) courtesy of Chris Harrison, Carnegie Mellon University.

152

Finding Research Literature on Autism

References

Robison, Rex. 2009. Finding Research Literature on Autism. Bethesda, MD. Courtesy of National Institutes of Health Library. In "7th Iteration (2010): Science Maps as Visual Interfaces to Digital Libraries," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Michael J. Stamper. http://scimaps.org.

154

Design Vs. Emergence: Visualization of Knowledge Orders

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156

Map of Scientific Collaborations from 2005–2009

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Image Credits

Visualizing Friendships. 2010 © Facebook. Reprinted with permission.

Software Credits

See Holten and van Wijk 2009.

158

The Census of Antique Works of Art and Architecture Known in the Renaissance, 1947–2005

References

Schich, Maximilian. 2010. "Revealing Matrices." In Beautiful Visualization: Looking at Data through the Eyes of Experts, edited by Julie Steele and Noah Lliinsky, 227–254. Sebastopol, CA: O‘Reilly.

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Image Credits

The Census of Antique Works of Art and Architecture Known in the Renaissance, 1947–2005 © Maximilian Schich, 2010 (maximilian@schich.info).

160

Seeing Standards: A Visualization of the Metadata Universe

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Becker, Devin and Jenn L. Riley. 2010. Seeing Standards: A Visualization of the Metadata Universe. Bloomington, IN. Courtesy of University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and University of Idaho. In "7th Iteration (2010): Science Maps as Visual

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162

MACE Classification Taxonomy

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Stefaner, Moritz. 2010. "The Design of X by Y." In Beautiful Visualization: Looking at Data through the Eyes of Experts, edited by Julie Steele and Noah Lliinsky, 205–226. Sebastopol, CA: O’Reilly Media.

Stefaner, Moritz. 2011. MACE Classification Tree. Potsdam, Germany. Courtesy of Moritz Stefaner. In "7th Iteration (2010): Science Maps as Visual Interfaces to Digital Libraries," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Michael J. Stamper. http://scimaps.org.

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164

History of Science Fiction

References

Shelley, Ward. 2011. History of Science Fiction. Brooklyn, NY. Courtesy of Ward Shelley Studio. In "7th Iteration (2010): Science Maps as Visual Interfaces to Digital Libraries," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Michael J. Stamper. http://scimaps.org.

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Contributors

Ward Shelley contributed to the map description.

Acknowledgements: This exhibit is supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. IIS-0238261, CHE-0524661, IIS-0534909 and IIS-0715303, the James S. McDonnell Foundation; Thomson Reuters; the Cyberinfrastructure for Network Science Center, University Information Technology Services, and the School of Library and Information Science, all three at Indiana University. Some of the data used to generate the science maps is from the Web of Science by Thomson Reuters and Scopus by Elsevier. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.