Atlas of Science: Images

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Part 3: Toward a Science of Science

Click on image to access credits or download high resolution image.

50-51

Building Blocks


Image Credits

Flowchart: Elisha F. Hardy (design), Katy Börner (concept), Indiana University.


52-53

Conceptualizing Science: Basic Anatomy of Science



Image Credits

Growth chart of scientific production, see de Solla Price 1965.

de Solla Price, Derek J. 1965. Little Science, Big Science. New York: Columbia University Press.



Image Credits

Science Dynamics: Elisha F. Hardy (design), Katy Börner (concept), Indiana University; incorporated clips of work by
Kevin W. Boyack, Richard Klavans (UCSD Map of Science), and Eugene Garfield (HistCite visualization); both used by permission.


54-55

Conceptualizing Science: Basic Units, Aggregate Units, and Linkages


Image Credits

Aggregate Units: Elisha F. Hardy (design), Katy Börner (concept), Indiana University.


56-57

Conceptualizing Science: Basic Properties, Indexes, and Laws


Image Credits

de Solla Price, Derek J. 1965. “Networks of Scientific Papers.” Science 149, 3683: 510-515, fig. 3.
Reprinted with permission from AAAS.


Image Credits

From Little Science, Big Science by Derek J. de Solla Price, © 1986, Columbia University Press. Reprinted with permission of the publisher.


Image Credits

From Little Science, Big Science by Derek J. de Solla Price, © 1986, Columbia University Press. Reprinted with permission of the publisher.


Image Credits

From Little Science, Big Science by Derek J. de Solla Price, © 1986, Columbia University Press. Reprinted with permission of the publisher.


58-59

Conceptualizing Science: Science Dynamics


Image Credits

Citation Probability, Russell J. Duhon (data preparation), Elisha F. Hardy (design), Katy Börner (concept), Indiana University.


Image Credits

Image adapted from Latour and Woolgar 1982, “The Cycle of Credibility,” fig. 1, p.35; Elisha F. Hardy (design), Katy Börner (concept), Indiana University.


60-61

Data Acquisition and Preprocessing


Image Credits

Science map with topic coverage overlay: Russell J. Duhon (data preparation), Elisha F. Hardy (design), Katy Börner (concept),
Indiana University, featuring data from Thomson Reuters, Web of Science, and the science paradigm map outline from Boyack
and Klavans (2008), used by permission.

Data Credits

Science Citation Index by Thomson Reuters.


Image Credits

Science map with topic coverage overlay: Russell J. Duhon (data preparation), Elisha F. Hardy (design), Katy Börner (concept),
Indiana University, featuring data from Thomson Reuters, Web of Science, and the science paradigm map outline from Boyack
and Klavans (2008), used by permission.

Data Credits

Science Citation Index by Thomson Reuters.



Image Credits

Image of Linked Data sets, by Richard Cyganiak, Anja Jetntzsch, and Chris Bizer, using OmniGraffle software: http://www.omnigroup.com/applications/OmniGraffle. See also the evolving linked data sets graphic at http://esw.w3.org/topic/SweoIG/TaskForces/CommunityProjects/LinkingOpenData. See Cyganiak 2008.

62-63

Data Analysis, Modeling, and Layout


Image Credits

Workflow for Mapping Science, see Börner et al. 2003.

Börner, Katy, Chaomei Chen, and Kevin W. Boyack. 2003. “Visualizing Knowledge Domains.” In Annual Review of Information Science and Technology, edited by Blaise Cronin, vol. 37: 179-255. Medford, NJ: Information Today/American Society for Information Science and Technology.


Image Credits

Screen capture of data from The Nielsen Company, 2008. “BlogPulse: a service of Nielsen Buzzmetrics.” http://www.blogpulse.com. Used by permission, all rights reserved.


Image Credits

Visualization of 2,220 Conference Abstracts, see Skupin, 2002.

Skupin, André. “A Cartographic Approach to Visualizing Conference Abstracts.” IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications 22, 1: 50-58, © 2002, IEEE.


Image Credits

Understanding Outside Collaborations of the Chinese Academy of Sciences: Russell J. Duhon (data preparation), Elisha F. Hardy (design), Katy Börner (concept), Indiana University.

Data Credits

Science Citation Index by Thomson Reuters.



Image Credits

Weighted coauthor network, see Börner et al. 2005.

Börner, Katy, Luca Dall’Asta, Weimao Ke, and Alessandro Vespignani. 2005. “Studying the Emerging Global Brain: Analyzing and
Visualizing the Impact of Co-Authorship Teams.” Complexity: Special Issue on Understanding Complex Systems 10, 4: 58-67.

64-65

Data Communication– Visualization Layers


Image Credits

Elisha F. Hardy (design), Katy Börner (concept), Indiana University, adapted from source material in Csikszentmihalyi 1991.


Image Credits

Data Communication Visualization Layers: Elisha F. Hardy (design), Katy Börner (concept), Indiana University.


66-67

Exemplification


Image Credits

PNAS Papers: Elisha F. Hardy (design), Katy Börner (concept), Indiana University.


Image Credits

Russell J. Duhon (data preparation), Elisha F. Hardy (design), Katy Börner (concept), Indiana University; adapted from Börner et al. 2006.


Image Credits

Russell J. Duhon (data preparation), Elisha F. Hardy (design), Katy Börner (concept), Indiana University; adapted from Börner et al. 2006.


Image Credits

Russell J. Duhon (data preparation), Elisha F. Hardy (design), Katy Börner (concept), Indiana University; adapted from Börner et al. 2006.


Image Credits

Russell J. Duhon (data preparation), Elisha F. Hardy (design), Katy Börner (concept), Indiana University.


Image Credits

Russell J. Duhon (data preparation), Elisha F. Hardy (design), Katy Börner (concept), Indiana University.


Image Credits

Russell J. Duhon (data preparation), Elisha F. Hardy (design), Katy Börner (concept), Indiana University.

See Mane and Börner 2004. © 2004, National Academy of Sciences. U.S.A.

Mane, Ketan, and Katy Börner. 2004. “Mapping Topics and Topic Bursts in PNAS.” PNAS 101, Suppl. 1: 5287-5290.

Data Credits

PNAS data set provided by the PNAS for the Arthur M. Sackler Colloquium, “Mapping Knowledge Domains,” May 9-11, 2003.


Image Credits

Elisha F. Hardy (design), Katy Börner (concept), Indiana University; adapted from Börner et al. 2004.


Image Credits

Elisha F. Hardy (design), Katy Börner (concept), Indiana University; adapted from Börner et al. 2004.


Image Credits

Elisha F. Hardy (design), Katy Börner (concept), Indiana University; adapted from Börner et al. 2004.


68-69

Scholarly Marketplaces


Image Credits

“Needs” adapted from Maslow’s hierarchy: Elisha F. Hardy (design), Katy Börner (concept), Indiana University.


Image Credits

Screen capture of Flu Season data, courtesy of Swivel and Swoodie (graph creator).

Data Credits

UN. 2009. “Avianan Influenza and the Pandemic Threat.” http://www.un-influenza.org (accessed March 30, 2010).


Image Credits

Screen capture of Network Workbench Tool, see NWB Team 2006.

NWB Team. 2006. “Network Workbench Tool.“ Indiana University, Northeastern University, and University of Michigan. http://nwb.slis.indiana.edu (accessed March 15, 2010).


Image Credits

Cloud architecture: Elisha F. Hardy (design), Katy Börner (concept), Indiana University.

Acknowledgements: This exhibit is supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. IIS-0238261, CHE-0524661, IIS-0534909 and IIS-0715303, the James S. McDonnell Foundation; Thomson Reuters; the Cyberinfrastructure for Network Science Center, University Information Technology Services, and the School of Library and Information Science, all three at Indiana University. Some of the data used to generate the science maps is from the Web of Science by Thomson Reuters and Scopus by Elsevier. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.