I.3 A New Map of the Whole World with the Trade Winds According to the Latest and Most Exact Observations

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Herman Moll

At the turn of the 17th century, Herman Moll was the most famous map publisher in England. He was also the first cartographer to create an elegant map of England that correctly portrayed its shape. His style combined time-consuming embellishment with bold, clear lettering to highlight important information. Moll prided himself on his work and publicly rebuked mapmakers who republished preexisting maps under new titles without having investigated their accuracy or completion—as this could prove fatal in cases where known depths of water and sands were omitted. This map is a hand-colored, engraved double-hemisphere of the whole world, featuring California as an island, a popular misconception at the time. The continents are represented by 12 allegorical figures surrounded by plants native to these lands. The long note at the top left discusses the trade winds indicated by arrows throughout the map.


References:

Moll, Herman. 1736. Atlas Minor. Or a New and Curious Set of Sixty-Two Maps. . . . London: Thos. Bowles and John Bowles.

Moll, Herman. 1736. A New Map of the Whole World with the Trade Winds According to the Latest and Most Exact Observations. Courtesy of the David Rumsey Map Collection, Cartography Associates, San Francisco, CA. In “1st Iteration (2005): The Power of Maps,” Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and
Deborah MacPherson. http://scimaps.org.

Acknowledgements: This exhibit is supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. IIS-0238261, CHE-0524661, IIS-0534909 and IIS-0715303, the James S. McDonnell Foundation; Thomson Reuters; the Cyberinfrastructure for Network Science Center, University Information Technology Services, and the School of Library and Information Science, all three at Indiana University. Some of the data used to generate the science maps is from the Web of Science by Thomson Reuters and Scopus by Elsevier. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.