VII.5 设计和显现:知识秩序可视化

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Cheng Gao

Krzysztof Suchecki

Andrea Scharnhorst

Alkim Almila Akdag Salah

由数字人文和艺术史学者Alkim Almila Akdag Salah、计算机科学家Cheng Gao,复杂网络和社会物理学家Krzysztof Suchecki,以及物理学家和信息学科学家Andrea Scharnhorst创建的地图展示了维基百科分类结构和国际十进制分类法(UDC)系统间的不同。左边是维基分类(最上面四层分类)的主体树结构。右边展示的是被图书馆所广泛采用的国际十进制分类法的树结构(所有的九层分类)。中间的环状图以及条形图展示的是UDC的九大主分类与维基百科使用的43个主体分类之间的联系。所有的4张可视化地图都使用同一种颜色编码,使得探索主控制、分类和主题间关系成为可能。此工作旨在提升我们关于构建社会化(维基百科)而不是传统的正式的分类系统(UDC)知识地图时的区别的认识。

Translation by:

Yunwei Chen, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

References:

Salah, Alkim Almila Akdag, Cheng Gao, Krzysztof Suchecki, and Andrea Scharnhorst. 2012. “Need to Categorize: A Comparative Look at the Categories of Universal Decimal Classification System and Wikipedia.” Leonardo 45 (1) (February): 84-85. doi:10.1162/LEON_a_00344. (Preprint http://arxiv.org/abs/1105.5912v1)

Salah, Alkim Almila Akdag, Cheng Gao, Andrea Scharnhorst, and Krzysztof Suchecki. 2011. Design vs. Emergence: Visualisation of Knowledge Orders. Courtesy of The Knowledge Space Lab, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. In “7th Iteration (2011): Science Maps as Visual Interfaces to Digital Libraries,” Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Michael J. Stamper. http://scimaps.org

Acknowledgements: This exhibit is supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. IIS-0238261, CHE-0524661, IIS-0534909 and IIS-0715303, the James S. McDonnell Foundation; Thomson Reuters; the Cyberinfrastructure for Network Science Center, University Information Technology Services, and the School of Library and Information Science, all three at Indiana University. Some of the data used to generate the science maps is from the Web of Science by Thomson Reuters and Scopus by Elsevier. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.