V.2 Networks of Scientific Communications

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Georgiy G. Dumenton

In his 1987 book Networks of Scientific Communications and the Organization of Fundamental Research (in Russian), philosopher and sociologist Georgiy G. Dumenton analyzed personal scientific relations in a cluster of six tightly connected life sciences institutes of the USSR Academy of Sciences located in the Moscow region in the period between 1967 and 1979. The map shows one side of the two-sided appendix to the book comprising Figures 1-39 referred to in the text. Using data acquired via interviews, questionnaires, and participatory observation, Figure 3 shows continued (grey) and discontinued (black) personal scientific relations in the institutes M4 and M2. Relationships are ranked from the top to the bottom according to the duration of the relationship in years. The tail of the diagram, representing durations of 30 or more years, signifies almost life-long relationships. Dumenton also recorded motivations and interests for scientific relations and developed a typology of epistemic aspects of scientific collaborations. Figure 6 lists categories for evaluating scientific collaborations: e.g., evaluation of the researcher’s ideas and results; her/his methods; the state of equipment and other research instruments/technology; and the exchange of equipment and other research instruments/technology. Figure 5 shows correlations between these categories and their development over time.


References:

Dumenton, Georgiy G. 1987. Seti naucnych kommunikacij i organizacija fundamental'nych issledovanij [Networks of Scientific Communication and the Organization of Fundamental Research]. Moscow: Nauka.

Dumenton, Georgiy G. 1987. Networks of Scientific Communication. Courtesy of the RAN Institute for the History of Science, Russian Academy of Sciences. In “5th Iteration (2009): Science Maps for Science Policy-Makers,” Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Elisha F. Hardy. http://scimaps.org.

Acknowledgements: This exhibit is supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. IIS-0238261, CHE-0524661, IIS-0534909 and IIS-0715303, the James S. McDonnell Foundation; Thomson Reuters; the Cyberinfrastructure for Network Science Center, University Information Technology Services, and the School of Library and Information Science, all three at Indiana University. Some of the data used to generate the science maps is from the Web of Science by Thomson Reuters and Scopus by Elsevier. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.