X.7 图说基金资助组合

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Moritz Stefaner

Mario Diwersy

Christian Herzog

该地图由数据可视化设计师Moritz Stefaner、数据分析师Mario Diwersy及研究策略师Christian Herzog设计,描绘了2012年里23个基金机构的基金资助组合。面向公众开放的基金项目信息被下载下来后,采用美国国立卫生研究院开发的“研究条件和疾病分类(Research Condition and Disease Classification,RCDC)”对所有项目进行分类。采用50个最常用的RCDC分类,基于它们之间的共现关系可以绘制出如左上角所示的图。在这幅地图中,圆圈的大小表示各个主题所获得的基金支持份额的多少,共现频率高的分类被放在临近的位置上。右下侧的地图是RCDC主题地图,它被用来表征23个基金机构的资助情况。对于每个基金机构的图而言,圆圈的大小表示的是机构资助在该主题上的基金份额的多少。基金机构的位置根据它们在主题地图的资助重点内容来确定的:那些侧重于资助“生物工程”的机构在左侧,侧重于资助“乳腺癌”的机构在上侧,等等。从外观上看,这些地图就像百丽牌照相机照出的图片一样——不仅契合于研究的主题,同时这种概念化的呈现使得图像更加令人印象深刻。该地图可以被用来直观地比较基金的资助情况或者识别和协调联合基金的机会。

Translation by:

Ying Huang, Yunwei Chen

References:

Stefaner, Moritz, Mario Diwersy, and Christian Herzog. 2014. Visual Funding Portfolios. Courtesy of ÜberResearch. In "10th Iteration (2014): The Future of Science Mapping," Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Samuel Mills. http://scimaps.org

Acknowledgements: This exhibit is supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. IIS-0238261, CHE-0524661, IIS-0534909 and IIS-0715303, the James S. McDonnell Foundation; Thomson Reuters; the Cyberinfrastructure for Network Science Center, University Information Technology Services, and the School of Library and Information Science, all three at Indiana University. Some of the data used to generate the science maps is from the Web of Science by Thomson Reuters and Scopus by Elsevier. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.